International Journal of Education, Technology and Science 2022-06-01T05:49:15+00:00 Ismail Hakki Mirici Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>IJETS</em> is a quarterly peer-reviewed international journal aiming to set up a highly qualified international academic platform for both experienced and novice education professionals, researchers, librarians in academic, corporate, and government work settings; and those involved in education and teaching practices all over the world. The IJETS issues are released four times a year; in <strong>March, June, September</strong>, and <strong>December</strong>.</p> <p>The purpose of the <em>IJETS</em> is to foster critical debate about education and teaching globally. The <em>IJETS</em> seeks both to develop new theoretical insights into the education and teaching, and new understandings of the extent and nature of contemporary educational practices in diverse settings. It underlines the significance of discovering and reflecting the interplay of local, regional, national and global contexts and dynamics in shaping education technology and science internationally.</p> <p>The <em>IJETS </em>is concerned with education in its broadest sense, including formal, informal and non-formal modes, as well as cognitive and metacognitive skills development. <em>IJETS</em> is primarily interested in studies that look at the relationship between education and teaching in different contexts globally.</p> <p>The <em>IJETS </em>welcomes papers from all prospective authors and especially from scholars who study education and teaching both theoretically and in practice all over the world. </p> CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF ONLINE INSTRUCTION OF VOCATIONAL SUBJECTS BY TVET INSTITUTIONS IN KENYA DUE TO COVID-19 2022-03-22T15:07:13+00:00 Alex Karani Mary M. Waiganjo <p>Education in the 21st century has shifted from teacher-centered to learner-centered approaches where cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains are key in preparing school graduates for the world of work. The role of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is to ensure the artisans and technicians acquire expected attitudes, skills like creativity, innovativeness, digital literacy, and problem-solving for the prosperity of an economy. TVET sub-sector has a poor image and is seen as a domain for the academic dwarfs. It has been poorly endowed with resources, especially in developing countries. The use of digital literacy, e-platforms have been sparingly applied in TVET when it comes to enhancing teaching and learning. Since the outbreak of Covid-19, there have been disruptions in learning due to the closure of institutions and this has led to the adoption of online teaching. This paper is grounded on desktop research which presents results from studies conducted on how instructors and learners in TVET institutions have been affected by Covid-19 and opportunities during the pandemic. Some challenges include widened contact between the teachers and learners, digital imbalance, limited demonstration of required competencies, ICT Competencies, and lack of virtual remote labs/workshops where the learners can continue with the learning of the competencies. Some opportunities include the creation of virtual labs, instructors were able to programme for tutorials that would allow students to access e-platforms at their own time, online learning had no limited space compared to physical learning and institutions had time to review their curriculum.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science COVID-19 AND TRANSITION TO DISTANCE LEARNING: PERSPECTIVES OF POSTSECONDARY TEACHERS IN KENYA 2022-03-17T22:38:14+00:00 James Ogechi Kereri Grace Moraa Kennedy Dovison Kereri <p>Several countries have transitioned to online and/or virtual learning to minimize the impact of Covid-19 on education. In Kenya, schools were closed for the better part of 2020 and reopened back on relying on an online mode and/or virtual learning. However, very little is known about the impact of such transition on postsecondary educators. Therefore, this research aims to bridge this gap by investigating the impact of online and/or virtual learning transition on postsecondary educators based on age, gender, location, and academic rank. Using a nationally distributed web-based survey, the study utilized data from 117 educators across Kenya who participated in the survey between August-September 2021. The results show that transition to online and/or virtual learning due to Covid-19 saw a substantial impact on teaching/research, productivity, and practical lessons across both genders, all age groups, locations, and academic ranks. However, the differences observed across genders, age groups, locations, and academic ranks were not statistically different. There is a lack of empirical evidence on the impact of the transition to online and/or virtual learning on educators due to Covid-19. Higher education administrators and government policymakers will find value in this paper as they work to respond to the negative effects of Covid-19 as well as opportunities in online and/or virtual learning.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science LEVELS OF SATISFACTION OF STUDENTS WHEN JOINING STUDENT EXCHANGE PROGRAMS ABROAD 2022-03-06T14:15:37+00:00 Hien Vo <p>Studying abroad has become a trend in the world and Vietnam. When studying overseas in developed countries, students can improve their professional skills in foreign languages and experience new cultures with people from different countries and territories. From there, they can expand relationships in many countries prepare for an open future ahead. Short-term exchange abroad programs at universities in the region and around the world are pretty diverse, and each program is of great value to students with unique characteristics, distinctive features with specific characteristics. Among them are the international short-term student exchange programs in Vietnam and typically can be said to be FPT University. This article is completed from the results of comparing and contrasting research, previous and current documents, combined with actual surveys and interviews. Research results show student satisfaction when participating in international student exchange programs. It is relatively high, which shows that students' need to study abroad is hidden and should be exploited to provide opportunities for students to develop their inherent capacities, contributing to adequate education and training at the tertiary education level. Besides, it contributes to narrowing the educational gap between developed and developing countries, especially during significant education development worldwide.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science CONTRAPUNTAL READING OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN EFL SETTING 2022-04-30T18:44:17+00:00 Sathya Priya.S.K <p>&nbsp;Contrapuntal reading was proposed by Edward said in his book orientalism. The methodology depicts here about two categories of people. Those who speak English and born in English....all other peoples and nations come under the other ...category. Main&nbsp; aim of this paper is to apply his theory &nbsp;on intercultural communication and how people accept and un accepting their slang in spite of British people themselves borrowed many words from other language and they spell it wrong and it becomes a word in dictionary in spite of wrong pronunciation compared to the native where the word born. This study applied to different language speaking students and participants from different culture in college level seminars and conferences. The result and outcome was calculated through feedback method.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL (TAM) AS A MECHANISM FOR PREDICTING INTERNET USE FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES AMONG STUDENTS OF NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION 2022-05-06T13:18:29+00:00 Haruna Abubakar Hasnah Binti Mohammed <p>This study recognized the determinants of NCE students' perception of using Internet for academic drives. To attain these ends, a conceptual framework of Device Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was propagated. This study sought to investigate the factors that influence students’ intention to use the Internet for academic purposes in Federal College of Education, Zaria (FCEZ). The TAM model employed the exclusive variables from the theory. The questionnaire adapted from Bogart and Wichadee, (2015) was used to solicit information from the sample of 124 NCE students in FCEZ, using Research Advisor model. ANOVA was used for the analysis. The results revealed that the variables; students’ attitude, perception on behavior to use internet and their perceived usefulness of Internet had positively related to their intention to use Internet for academic purpose. The perceived ease of use was found to have insignificant relationship with students’ intention to use Internet for their academic purpose. The study among others, recommends that, to enhance the quality of lectures delivery and knowledge dissemination, lecturers should put more effort in enhancing their students' efficacy in Internet usage for academic purposes, not for leisure alone and the students need regular orientation wittingly to understand the significant of using internet for academic purpose.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science THE IMPACT OF THE ACADEMIC OVERLOAD ON STUDENTS’ WELL BEING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTH LEBANON 2022-05-04T12:45:47+00:00 Mazen Ismail <p>This research aims to investigate the impact of academic overload on students’ well-being in grade 12 “LS section” in secondary schools in the three districts of South Lebanon “Saida, Tyr &amp; Nabatiyeh”. A sequential explanatory design using a descriptive methodology through quantitative analysis and based on deductive analysis to identify from a sample of 119 students “Appendix E” belonging to 7 high schools from the public and private sectors, if the grade 12 students are academically overloaded and by which type then to relate this overload if proved to students’ wellbeing “mental and physical health”; the next step that follows is focused group interviews for teachers and students of grade 12 “LS” in addition to the school counsellor through open-ended questions. This unprejudiced study detected that students are academically overloaded by information overload and that when the overload decrease, the score of both mental and physical health will improve significantly. Our findings indicated that the information overload can create in some of the secondary students a distress thus transforming into an academic stressor that can negatively impact the students’ Quality of Life (QOL) and consequently impacting their psychological and physical well-being. These results can be used for revising the curriculum in schools for each subject course in order to subtract any unnecessary added information in addition to the alignment of assignments and quizzes by teachers during the week; anything that can favor the decrease of the academic overload therefore the academic stress and thus enhancing students’ wellbeing.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science AN INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ENROLMENT IN YOUNG FARMERS CLUB OF KENYA (YFCK) AND ESTABLISHMENT OF INDIVIDUAL FARM PROJECTS AT HOME: A CASE OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NJORO SUB- COUNTY, KENYA 2022-04-14T10:37:03+00:00 Dixon Kathurima Mugambi James Obara Kyule N. Miriam <p>Agriculture is a hands on subject that requires students to put into action what they learn in school. The role of young Farmers club of Kenya (YFCK) is to train young people to be productive future farmers. Secondary school education is terminal to the majority of the youth, non-attainment of lifelong skills in agriculture may lead to low standards of living and a decline in agricultural productivity. The main aim of the study was to determine relationship between student enrolment in young farmers clubs of Kenya and their performance in agricultural co-curricular activities in public secondary schools in Njoro sub-county, Nakuru County, Kenya. The research employed a descriptive survey design. A sample of 150 agriculture students from 15 schools was selected using purposive random sampling technique. Data was collected using a questionnaire and interview schedule. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics using statistical package for social science (SPSS version 25). Reliability of research instrument was estimated using Cronbach alpha. The findings of the study indicated that at least (71.0%) of students who were members of YFC were able to establish either crop or animal projects at home. The mostly kept animals by students at home was chicken, sheep, cows, rabbits and goats. However, those who kept animals, (73.3%) indicated their projects were not successful. (57.3%) the students who grew crops like cabbages, maize, carrots, beetroots trees and onions indicated that of their crops did not grow successfully. The results indicated that there was a relationship between student enrolment in YFC and establishment of projects at home.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> <strong><em>Enrolment in young farmer club, establishment of individual projects, agriculture, secondary school students</em></strong></p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Education, Technology and Science